It is a mild reducing agent. SERS spectrum was recorded is silver colloid. In the first of a five-step process, glucose is catalytically hydrogenated to sorbitol, which is then oxidized by the microorganism Acetobacter suboxydans to sorbose. This page was last edited on 19 October 2020, at 16:53. This iodometric method has been revised to exploit reaction of ascorbic acid with iodate and iodide in acid solution. SERS spectrum was recorded is silver colloid. From this point, two routes are available. As justified by its reaction with iodine, it is used to negate the effects of iodine tablets in water purification. The NBS first oxidizes the ascorbic acid; when the latter is exhausted, the NBS liberates the iodine from the potassium iodide, which then forms the blue-black complex with starch. Acid-catalyzed hydrolysis of this product performs the dual function of removing the two acetal groups and ring-closing lactonization. The amount of ascorbic acid can be calculated by Faraday's law. In 1907, Axel Holst and Theodor Frølich discovered that the antiscorbutic factor was a water-soluble chemical substance, distinct from the one that prevented beriberi. ScienceDirect ® is a registered trademark of Elsevier B.V. ScienceDirect ® is a registered trademark of Elsevier B.V. FT-IR, FT-Raman and SERS spectra of Vitamin C. Copyright © 2006 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved. Because of the importance and relevance of these 0-H groups for the present discussion, only the 0-Hs as well as … It is a white solid, but impure samples can appear yellowish. , A more biotechnological process, first developed in China in the 1960s, but further developed in the 1990s, bypasses the use of acetone-protecting groups. Each of the five steps has a yield larger than 90%. The unprotected hydroxyl group is oxidized to the carboxylic acid by reaction with the catalytic oxidant TEMPO (regenerated by sodium hypochlorite — bleaching solution).  l-Ascorbic acid has a specific rotation of [α]20D = +23°.. The ascorbate anion is stabilized by electron delocalization that results from resonance between two forms: For this reason, ascorbic acid is much more acidic than would be expected if the compound contained only isolated hydroxyl groups. B. thanks the administration of Cromatec Plus SRL for the financial support. For information about its role in nutrition, see, InChI=1S/C6H8O6/c7-1-2(8)5-3(9)4(10)6(11)12-5/h2,5,7-10H,1H2/t2-,5+/m0/s1, Except where otherwise noted, data are given for materials in their, Australia New Zealand Food Standards Code, "MetaCyc Compound: monodehydroascorbate radical", "The role of ascorbic acid in the oxidation of, "Current EU approved additives and their E Numbers", "Listing of Food Additives Status Part I", "Standard 1.2.4 – Labelling of ingredients", "The impact of citrate introduction at UK syringe exchange programmes: a retrospective cohort study in Cheshire and Merseyside, UK", "The Riordan IVC Protocol for Adjunctive Cancer Care: Intravenous Ascorbate as a Chemotherapeutic and Biological Response Modifying Agent", "High-Dose Vitamin C (PDQ®): Human/Clinical Studies", Ullmann's Encyclopedia of Industrial Chemistry, China's grip on key food additive / The Christian Science Monitor, BASF’s description of vitamin C—developments in production methods, "Metabolic engineering of Kluyveromyces lactis for L-ascorbic acid (vitamin C) biosynthesis", Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development, IPCS Poisons Information Monograph (PIM) 046, Calcitriol (1,25-dihydroxycholecalciferol), https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Chemistry_of_ascorbic_acid&oldid=984346037, Chemical articles with multiple compound IDs, Multiple chemicals in an infobox that need indexing, Articles with changed ChemSpider identifier, Pages using collapsible list with both background and text-align in titlestyle, Articles containing unverified chemical infoboxes, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, 190 to 192 °C (374 to 378 °F; 463 to 465 K) decomposes, Ascorbic acid is easily oxidized and so is used as a reductant in photographic developer solutions (among others) and as a.
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